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Tuckman stages group of development provide insight into the development of a team over time. Learn more about the Bruce Tuckman stages: forming, storming. In , a psychologist named Bruce Tuckman said that teams go through 5 stages of development: forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. Bruce Tuckman’s four stage Forming-Storming-Norming-Performing theory is an elegant and helpful explanation of team development and behaviour.

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Only in the movies do groups come together and magically coalesce as if they were long lost soulmates, destined to come together for the greater good. In reality, things are often a bit less smooth. In most cases, teams tuckmxn through a definable set of stages—something that Psychologist and professor Bruce Tuckman identified and developed a model for back in Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing.

Moreover, during this stage goals are established and tacitly agreed upon, though there may be reservations. There is a lot of dependence on leadership for direction at this stage, with emphasis on defining roles, scope, and focus for the team. Group member attitudes can range from excitement to anxiety during this portion of the process. In general conflict is avoided during this orientation period.

As its name implies, this stage of the development process is where challenges often arise. Team members will sometimes butt heads over work styles or trying to establish some sort of hierarchy, all while trying to solidify behind a common goal which also may be questioned. While clashes may occur, healthy conflict is not a bad thing.


Good leaders can guide the team through this process in a constructive manner, surfacing issues and ironing out wrinkles within the team.

Tuckman: Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing –

During this stage, the team has resolved most of its conflicts and grown closer. There is agreement on a common goal and group members have, for the most part, rallied if leadership. This newfound unity often extends outside of the workplace as members begin to socialize in off-hours. Members of the team are competent and knowledgeable, and the group is largely autonomous with little supervision from leadership.

While dissent still occurs, it now is constructive in nature and results in little disruption to the group. The team is now making swift and solid progress towards attaining their goals. The four stages above were those originally laid out by Tuckman in the mids. However, in Tuckman joined with Mary Ann Jensen in identifying a fifth and final stage, Adjourning.

5 Stages of Team Development

This marks the inevitable dissolution of a team upon reaching its goals. Hopefully, the stages of group development will provide greater insight into the inevitable stages you will encounter when a new team comes together.


Through understanding and patience, leaders can effectively navigate and reduce the time spent in the earlier stages, guiding a team lf Performing more quickly. Doug handles the marketing and web presence for Adventure Associates.

If he’s not geeking-out with the latest, greatest web marketing tools, then you’ll find him swirling and sipping his way through wine country. Notify me of follow-up comments by email.

Notify me of new posts by email. Storming As its name implies, this stage of the development process is where challenges often arise.

Norming During this stage, the team has resolved most of its conflicts and grown closer. Interested in learning more about our team building and training options?

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